| 14,306 Psychic Readings
| 49,135 Pages of Psychic Material
| March 18, 1877
| January 03, 1945
| Hopkinsville, Kentucky
| Virginia Beach, Virginia
"It seems they destroy people by granting their dearest wishes, as has been the way of the devil, since God created the world."
| Charles Halloway  | Something Wicked This Way Comes
An Edgar Casē Study / The Secret Doctrine
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  1. The Edgar Cayce Readings

8. (Q) Would a study of any particular part of "The Secret Doctrine" [H. P. Blavatsky] be of benefit?
(A) The study of any portion of same is of benefit, but only in so far as it will enable the self to open for that which may be given in its meditation.

Commence, and then we may aid! (470-10)

  1. Prophecies
    1. Gamma Rays
Without attempting the very difficult task of giving out the whole process in all its cosmic details, enough may be said to give an approximate idea of it. When a planetary chain is in its last Round, its Globe 1 or A, before finally dying out, sends all its energy and “ principles ” into a neutral centre of latent force, a “ laya centre,” and thereby informs a new nucleus of undifferentiated substance or matter, i.e., calls it into activity or gives it life. Suppose such a process to have taken place in the lunar “ planetary ” chain ; suppose again, for argument’s sake (though Mr. Darwin’s theory quoted below has lately been upset, even if the fact has not yet been ascertained by mathematical calculation) that the moon is far older than the Earth. Imagine the six fellow-globes of the moon — æons before the first globe of our seven was evolved — just in the same position in relation to each other as the fellow-globes of our chain occupy in regard to our Earth now. (See in “ Esoteric Buddhism,” “ The Constitution of Man,” and the “ Planetary Chain.”) And now it will be easy to imagine further Globe A of the lunar chain informing Globe A of the terrestrial chain, and — dying ; Globe B of the former sending after that its energy into Globe B of the new chain ; then Globe C of the lunar, creating its progeny sphere C of the terrene chain ; then the Moon (our Satellite*) pouring forth into the lowest globe of our planetary ring — Globe D, our Earth — all its life, energy and powers ; and, having transferred them to a new centre becoming virtually a dead planet, in which rotation has almost ceased since the birth of our globe. The Moon is now the cold residual quantity, the shadow dragged after the new body, into which her living powers and “ principles ” are transfused. She now is doomed for long ages to be ever pursuing the Earth, to be attracted by and to attract her progeny. Constantly vampirised by her child, she revenges herself on it by soaking it through and through with the nefarious, invisible, and poisoned influence which emanates from the occult side of her nature. For she is a dead, yet a living body. The particles of her decaying corpse are full of active and destructive life, although the body which they had formed is soulless and lifeless. Therefore its emanations are at the same time beneficent and maleficent — this circumstance finding its parallel on earth in the fact that the grass and plants are nowhere more juicy and thriving than on the graves ; while at the same time it is the graveyard or corpseemanations, which kill. And like all ghouls or vampires, the moon is the friend of the sorcerers and the foe of the unwary. From the archaic æons and the later times of the witches of Thessaly, down to some of the present tantrikas of Bengal, her nature and properties were known to every Occultist, but have remained a closed book for physicists.1

      1. Robert Naeye, "Solar System: Sun, Moon, and Earth," NASA, August 23, 2007.
Solar System: Sun, Moon, and Earth

Ordinary stars are simply not energetic enough to generate detectable levels of gamma rays. The one exception is the Sun, but only because of its close proximity to Earth. "If you exclude flares, the Sun is pretty quiet," says LAT science team member David Thompson of NASA's Goddard.

But the Sun, of course, sporadically unleashes powerful flares, which spew particles into the solar system at high velocities. These flares can turn our star into an extremely bright gamma-ray source for several hours. Even though astronomers have studied solar flares for decades, they still don't know how the Sun generates these outbursts. Astronomers also lack a detailed understanding of how the Sun accelerates particles that produce the gamma rays seen in flares.

GLAST could lead to important breakthroughs in this area. It will complement NASA's Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) mission, a satellite launched in 2002. RHESSI detects solar-flare gamma rays with energies up to about 20 MeV. The LAT will extend this range to higher than 300 GeV, which will enable astronomers to test theories that have been developed based on data from RHESSI and other instruments.

The timing of the GLAST mission is ideal for solar studies, since the Sun recently passed through a minimum in its 11-year sunspot cycle. Solar activity is beginning to increase, and is expected to peak around 2011 or 2012. "No other instrument will be available to observe the Sun in the LAT's energy band during the upcoming solar maximum," says solar physicist Gerald Share of the University of Maryland, College Park.

Solar flares will also trigger the GLAST Burst Monitor (GBM), which covers an energy range that overlaps that of RHESSI. "The GBM may detect more than 100 flares containing nuclear radiation during this new cycle, Solar Cycle 24," adds Share.

Scientists will use LAT and GBM data to test theories of flare production. According to most current theories, flares are produced when solar magnetic-field lines snap and then reconnect. These processes release staggering amounts of energy, and they could accelerate particles to energies high enough to produce gamma rays. Some solar flares produced such intense gamma-ray emission that they saturated the EGRET instrument on NASA's Compton Gamma-ray Observatory.

But with its more modern design, the LAT should provide crucial data that will help fill in the gaps in our understanding of solar flares and particle acceleration. Improved understanding of space weather, in turn, will make future human space missions safer. "Solar-flare particles can cause severe damage to satellites, and to astronauts if they are not protected," says Thompson.

GLAST will even be able to detect gamma rays coming from the Sun during the quiet phases of its 11-year cycle. These gamma rays come from cosmic rays impacting the Sun. GLAST studies of the Sun’s quiescent phase should tell scientists quite a bit about the solar magnetic field.

GLAST may also yield interesting results pertaining to other solar-system bodies. Surprisingly, the Moon is a moderately bright gamma-ray source. As Thompson says, "The only part of the electromagnetic spectrum where the Moon is brighter than the Sun is gamma rays."

Being a cold, mostly inert object, the Moon is utterly incapable of producing gamma rays on its own. But cosmic-ray particles slamming into the lunar surface produce secondary gamma rays. The LAT will watch the Moon change position from hour to hour as it orbits Earth. The LAT will see higher-energy gamma rays emanating from the Moon than could be seen by EGRET, and the LAT's spatial resolution is superior. However, scientists are not anticipating any dramatic discoveries.

Earth itself is also a bright gamma-ray source. Fortunately for us, our planet's magnetic field and atmosphere prevent gamma rays from hitting the surface. But cosmic-ray interactions produce a steady and significant flux of gamma rays in the upper atmosphere. For the most part, the LAT will be looking away from Earth to avoid this emission. The BATSE instrument on Compton picked up low-energy gamma rays associated with lightning storms, along with energetic atmospheric phenomena at higher altitudes, such as jets and sprites. The GBM, and possibly even the LAT, will pick up many of these events.

Other solar-system objects are probably either too small or too far away to be detectable by GLAST.

    1. Mid-Atlantic Ridge
But here an explanation is needed. No confusion need arise as regards the postulation of a Northern “ Lemuria.” The prolongation of that great continent into the North Atlantic Ocean is in no way subversive of the opinions so widely held as to the site of the lost Atlantis, and one corroborates the other. It must be noted that the Lemuria, which served as the cradle of the Third Root-Race, not only embraced a vast area in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, but extended in the shape of a horseshoe past Madagascar, round “ South Africa ” (then a mere fragment in process of formation), through the Atlantic up to Norway. The great English fresh-water deposit called the Wealden — which every geologist regards as the mouth of a former great river — is the bed of the main stream which drained Northern Lemuria in the Secondary Age. The former reality of this river is a fact of science — will its votaries acknowledge the necessity of accepting the Secondary-age Northern Lemuria, which their data demand ? Professor Berthold Seeman not only accepted the reality of such a mighty continent, but regarded Australia and Europe as formerly portions of one continent — thus corroborating the whole “ horse-shoe ” doctrine already enunciated. No more striking confirmation of our position could be given, than the fact that the elevated ridge in the Atlantic basin, 9,000 feet in height, which runs for some two or three thousand miles southwards from a point near the British Islands, first slopes towards South America, then shifts almost at right angles to proceed in a south-easterly line toward the African coast, whence it runs on southward to Tristan d’Acunha. This ridge is a remnant of an Atlantic continent, and, could it be traced further, would establish the reality of a submarine horse-shoe junction with a former continent in the Indian Ocean. ( Cf. chart adapted from the “ Challenger ” and “ Dolphin ” soundings in Mr. Donnelly’s, “ Atlantis, the Antediluvian World,” p. 47. )2

      1. Sir C. Wyville Thomson, The Voyage of the 'Challenger.' The Atlantic: A Preliminary Account of the General Results of The Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. 'Challenger' During the Year 1873 and the Early Part of the Year 1876 Volume II. (London: Macmillan and Co., 1877)

      1. Alexander Agassiz, Three Cruises of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Steamer "Blake": In the Gulf of Mexico, in the Caribbean Sea, and along the Atlantic Coast of the United States, from 1877 to 1880. Vol. I. (Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company. (The Riverside Press, Cambridge.), 1888)

      1. "New maps," Scottish Geographical Magazine 15 (Issue 10) (1899): 560.

      1. Into the Unknown: The Story of Exploration (Washington D. C.: National Geographic Society, 1987), 286-288.
Answers would only come with new technology, which military interests supplied. As navies deployed better submarines, they also developed echoing devices that could find an unseen hull or chart the seafloor with new accuracy. In 1925 the German research ship Meteor, armed with early sonar, set out to make thousands of soundings in the South Atlantic, and completed the first detailed survey of an entire ocean.
Meteor found no buried island of Atlantis but did show that the Mid-Atlantic Ridge curved around the Cape of Good Hope toward the Indian Ocean.
Future research would establish the existence of a 46,000-mile mountain belt winding through every ocean: the Mid-Ocean Ridge, largest geologic feature on Earth. Geologists continued to wonder why it was there, but for a closeup look they would have to wait.

      1. Robert Kunzig, "The Seafloor From Space," Discover Magazine, March 01, 1996.
The Seafloor From Space

The world's best map of the seafloor comes from satellites.

Late in the cold war, the United States Navy decided it would be a good idea to survey the altitude of the ocean surface, all over the world, to within a few inches. The point was not to measure waves. The ocean is not flat even where it is calm: it has hills and valleys that depart by as much as a few hundred feet from what we think of as sea level. The slopes of these features are so gentle--they extend over tens or even hundreds of miles--that no ship ever feels them. Yet the Navy decided that submarine commanders, of all people, would benefit from precise measurements of this imperceptible topography.

Why? Because the study of bumps on the ocean surface is a reliable kind of phrenology: it reveals deeper truths about the ocean. Small, shifting bumps are created by the shifting fronts between water masses--between the warm Gulf Stream and the cold Atlantic, say--and those same fronts scatter sound, thus creating sonar shadows that can hide a Red October. The larger and more permanent hills and valleys are created by something else entirely: by Earth’s gravity field, which varies slightly from place to place. Knowing those variations helps a submarine stay on course when it is underwater and sailing blind. And when the time comes to launch a missile at Minsk, knowing the precise direction of gravity at the launch site--it does not always point straight toward the center of Earth-- is essential. If the missile starts out on a slightly wrong heading, it will miss its target, thousands of miles away.

So in 1985 the Navy launched Geosat, a satellite that measured the height of the sea surface by bouncing a radar beam off it. In a near- polar orbit, 500 miles high, Geosat circled the spinning Earth, painting it with a tight mesh of densely packed radar tracks. The satellite worked flawlessly, and it yielded the most comprehensive set of gravity measurements ever. For the Navy, the payoff was a substantial reduction in a missile’s margin of error--which meant a better chance of hitting Minsk. The Navy was not very interested in making a beautiful map of Earth’s gravity field; and even less was it interested in using such a map to chart Earth’s most remote frontier--the unseen topography of the seafloor. But David Sandwell and Walter Smith were interested in precisely that. And when the Navy finally declassified the Geosat data last summer, Sandwell and Smith wasted no time in creating the map you see here.

Let us be perfectly clear about one thing: this is a map of gravity, not of seafloor topography. Where the map is blue-green, the rate at which Earth’s gravity accelerates a falling object (little g in the equations of physics) has more or less its average value of 9.8 meters per second squared--or 980 gals, as physicists say, in honor of Galileo, who first measured the acceleration. In the bright orange areas of the map, gravity is at least 60 milligals--about 60 parts per million--stronger than average. In the darkest purple areas it is at least 60 milligals weaker.

The map shows tiny variations in gravity, then--and yet to anyone who has ever seen a map of seafloor topography, its broad outlines will look familiar. That shouldn’t be surprising: insofar as mountains tend to have more mass than valleys, topography generates gravity. And insofar as one person can be said to have invented the idea that small bulges detected on the sea surface by a satellite could reveal the presence of large mountains on the seafloor, the credit should probably go to a geophysicist named William Haxby of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. In the early 1980s Haxby took data from a NASA predecessor of Geosat, called Seasat, and made a much cruder version of the map shown here. People looked at the data, Sandwell recalls, and said, ‘Oh wow, we can see seamounts and fracture zones and all types of features on the seafloor.’ That was when people really woke up to this idea.

Sandwell, now a marine geophysicist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, was a graduate student when Seasat flew in 1978. It was a good time to be starting out: Seasat opened the door to a whole new field of research, but it never finished the job. Its ground tracks were never less than 50 miles apart, which was why Haxby’s map was relatively crude. Geosat’s tracks were between 2 and 4 miles apart, and it could resolve features down to about 6 miles across. Sandwell has spent his career, in effect, getting ready for a satellite like Geosat, and once Geosat flew, waiting for the Navy to give up the data. Smith started working with him as a postdoc in 1990 and later moved to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Geosciences Laboratory in Silver Spring, Maryland.

In all the years since Seasat, the way you measure sea-surface height from a satellite hasn’t changed. The satellite beams a radar pulse at Earth and times how long the pulse takes to bounce back. Since the pulse is known to travel at the speed of light, that measurement reveals how far it is from the satellite to the sea surface.

The next thing you need to know is exactly where the satellite itself is in relation to the center of Earth--which, surprisingly, is much harder to determine. Geosat’s velocity and thus its altitude were measured by tracking stations that listened for the Doppler shifting of its radio signals as it passed over them. (A slower speed means a higher orbit.) But tracking stations exist only on land, and on its long journeys over the ocean, the satellite didn’t stick to a perfectly constant orbit; it was always being dragged by the atmosphere, for instance, and buffeted by the solar wind. To know a satellite’s path when it is out of sight, you have to calculate all those forces. Researchers have gotten a lot better at that over the years as they have gained experience tracking all sorts of satellites. As a result, Sandwell and Smith could be more precise in 1995 about where Geosat was in 1985 than the Navy could be at the time. That’s one reason their gravity map is so sharp.

Once you know (a) how far it is from the satellite to the sea surface and (b) how far it is from the satellite to the center of Earth, calculating the sea-surface height is easy: you just subtract (a) from (b). The slope of the sea surface at any given location then tells you the direction of gravity: it must point exactly perpendicular to the slope, rather than run along it. Otherwise the water would just run downhill. The ocean surface acts like a gigantic carpenter’s level, explains Smith. When something’s level, there’s no direction on its surface that’s downhill--downhill is perpendicular to the surface.

Through the action of gravity on water, then, the sea surface becomes like an attenuated visual echo of the seafloor, piling up over mountains, dipping down over trenches. If you put a mountain on the seafloor, says Smith, the extra material represented by the rocks in that mountain add their own gravity to the overall field. If you’re right above the mountain, the added gravity pulls down in the same direction, and so it adds to the magnitude of gravity. But if you’re off to one side of the mountain, the gravitational field of the mountain pulls toward the mountain, and so the effect is to change the direction of gravity just a little bit.

From the direction of gravity everywhere at the sea surface, Smith and Sandwell could calculate its magnitude everywhere. Then it was just a matter of choosing an attractive color scheme and putting the data on a map.

To anyone interested in the ocean, it is refreshing to see the land for once reduced to a featureless black, and the ocean alive with bold oranges, greens, and purples instead of a vapid aquamarine. But what exactly does the map show? It shows, better than any map has ever done, the basic fabric of the seafloor and how it is created by plate tectonics. The grim-looking shadow zones of dark purple all around the Pacific Rim are deep-ocean trenches, where plates meet their end by diving into the mantle. Northeast of New Zealand the spectacle is almost sad: one sees a long line of volcanoes, recognizable as individuals, all marching toward their doom in the Tonga Trench. Although these volcanoes, the Louisville Seamounts, had already been discovered by survey ships, about half the ones on Sandwell and Smith’s creation had not. Thousands of mountains that would be eminently skiable if they happened to be on land had remained unknown to us; only now is it possible to say that any peak on Earth taller than around 3,000 feet has been put on the map.

An even more striking feature of the gravity map is the deep chasms, known as fracture zones, that cut across the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Ocean basins. Like all the seafloor, they are created at midocean ridges, where two plates diverge and hot lava wells up from the underlying mantle. As the young seafloor spreads away from a ridge, into the eternal snow of sediments that falls everywhere in the ocean, its volcanic essence is buried, the way a man’s youth is buried as he ages under layers of flab and care; middle age for the seafloor is endless plains of mud. But the fracture zones, which cut across a midocean ridge at right angles and dissect it into distinct segments, are a link to what once was. How exactly they form is still the subject of debate. For whatever reason, less magma tends to well up at the end of a given ridge segment than in the middle, and the result is a chasm--one that is continually being extended as the seafloor spreads away from the ridge, and that remains visible because it is too deep to become filled with sediment.

Across the gravity map the fracture zones streak, and like frozen whoosh lines they visualize the growth of oceans and the drift of continents. Look under the bulge of West Africa and you can see at once how that continent has motored away from South America over the past 110 million years--motored, that is, at a speed of an inch or two a year (see enlarged map on page 60). Look in the southern Indian Ocean and you see the history of Australia’s drive for independence from Antarctica; its halo of fracture zones seems almost to be hurling it into the confusion of the western Pacific. Farther to the northwest, the striated floor of the Arabian Sea shows the trail left by India as it plowed into Asia and raised the Himalayas. The fracture zones show the gravity map for what it is--a still from an action-filled video that has been running for hundreds of millions of years, with no prospect of an end.

The midocean ridges themselves, where seafloor geology begins, are visible on the map, too. The Midatlantic Ridge snakes down the center of that ocean from Jan Mayen off Greenland to the latitude of Cape Horn; near Iceland, where its volcanic effusions are so prodigious that it becomes land, it coincides with the most fiery of gravity highs. Under South Africa, the Southwest Indian Ridge shoots into the Indian Ocean like a fizzling rocket, or perhaps like the trail of some giant and cartoonish deep-sea mole.

Sandwell and Smith, naturally, are drawn to subtler features of the map. South of New Zealand and Australia, for instance, they can point to several places where one ridge segment, presumably with a richer supply of molten rock from the mantle, is growing longer at the expense of its neighbor, and in the process is creating a ghostly V of disturbed terrain that trails behind it like a motorboat wake (see enlarged map on page 61). In this same region the mapmakers have also found rugged, Atlantic style ridge segments, their crest cleaved by a deep canyon, directly next to segments that have the gentle, rounded crest characteristic of the principal Pacific ridge, the East Pacific Rise. Since these two radically different types of seafloor topography have been attributed to differences in spreading rate--the East Pacific Rise typically spreads at six inches per year, around six times faster than the Midatlantic Ridge--it is not at all clear how they can coexist at neighboring segments, which must spread at the same rate.

This map is going to focus our attention on some places where we had not usually gone with ships, because they’re in remote areas in the Southern Ocean, they’re far from ports, and the weather down there is uncomfortable, says Smith. Those areas probably hold the key to how the plate-spreading system actually works. It’s having this global view that is really so exciting. We’re going to have to rethink all our hypotheses that were based on limited knowledge of a few easy-to-reach places in the Atlantic and the Pacific.

Although the gravity map reveals subtle details of the midocean ridges, the ridges also highlight its limitations as a guide to seafloor topography. The East Pacific Rise, which winds more or less due south from Baja California down past Easter Island, is one of the most heavily studied areas of the seafloor these days--and yet it is next to invisible on the gravity map. The reason is its fast rate of spread, which allows the newly formed plate to reach a great distance from the ridge crest while it is still hot and thin. A hot, thin plate is a weak plate, one that cannot support the weight of all the mountains on top of it: as a result it bends downward, and in so doing it displaces heavy mantle rock with light crustal rock. You have this elevated ridge axis that acts like a mass excess, and ordinarily it would create a positive gravity anomaly, Sandwell explains. But deeper into Earth there’s a mass deficit that exactly cancels the excess. They’re matched perfectly because the interior of Earth is fluid, and so all this stuff is floating. It’s Archimedes’ principle: if you have a cork sitting in the water, part of it will stick up and part of it will go down. And if you calculated the gravitational effect due to that floating cork, you would get almost zero, because of the cancellation.

In general the gravity map matches topography only over relatively short horizontal distances, a hundred miles or so. Individual volcanoes show up clearly because the plate is stiff enough to support their relatively small mass without bending much, and so the mass excess is not compensated by a mass deficit. But huge mass excesses spread over very long distances do not show up well at all--the map does not make clear, for instance, that the midocean ridges rise 10,000 feet or so above the surrounding abyssal plains. In the abyssal plains, moreover, the map reveals its second weakness: there it tends to show too much topography. Where the seafloor is really flat the satellite map instead shows gravity highs created by hills and mountains buried under the blanket of lightweight sediments.

Sandwell and Smith are now in the process of making a real map of seafloor topography that corrects for these limitations of the gravity map. Their method, essentially, is to use actual depth measurements made by shipboard sonars to calibrate the satellite gravity data--and to replace those data altogether wherever gravity is an unreliable guide to the depth of the seafloor (see maps on pages 62 and 63). The work involves comparing both types of data in 200-mile squares over the entire planet. The two researchers expect the project to take a year: even though it is computerized it is, like all cartography, laborious and time-consuming.

Sandwell and Smith, however, don’t think of themselves as cartographers. I never set out to make a map as an end in itself, says Smith. A map was simply a tool for research. There are a lot of geologists who make their living specializing in a particular area of Earth--they become experts on the geology of the Hawaiian Islands or something like that. But my attitude has always been that you should not make generalizations about the whole from studying one area. So global mapping is just a side effect, really, of trying to search for phenomena that are universal. And if you want to be universal about geology, you’ve got to study the ocean floors--because they’re 70 percent of Earth.

Says Sandwell: I guess I just like being able to explore the oceans this way. It’s sort of like having a satellite mission to another planet.

And yet, good as it is, Sandwell and Smith’s map still doesn’t provide as good a view of Earth as we have of, say, Venus. A few years ago a spacecraft made a radar survey of Venus not unlike the Geosat survey of Earth. That spacecraft, called Magellan, had a great advantage: Venus is dry. So Magellan could bounce its radar beams directly off the Venusian surface and make pictures that revealed features as small as a few hundred feet across, in contrast to the six-mile resolution on Sandwell and Smith’s map.

Nor are satellite maps of the seafloor likely to get much better in the future. In addition to the Geosat data, Sandwell and Smith incorporated data collected by a European radar satellite, the ERS-1, in their map; using as many measurements as possible of the same areas allowed them to do a better job of averaging out the random noise of waves. To make a substantially sharper map, says Sandwell, you would need to put a satellite in orbit for a decade, and there are no plans to do that. Even then you would run up against a more fundamental limitation: when you try to look at seafloor gravity through two to three miles of water--the average depth of the ocean--your vision is inevitably blurred. If two hills are only two to three miles apart, the bulges their gravity produces at the sea surface will merge, making them indistinguishable. You can’t beat that limitation, says Sandwell, unless you drain the oceans.

Or unless you use sound, which, unlike radio waves, travels through water. The best sonar instruments today can map a swath of seafloor six miles wide with one pass of the survey ship and to a resolution of a few hundred feet--comparable to the Magellan data for Venus. In other words, they pick up just where the gravity map leaves off: it shows the whole globe, but no details finer than six miles across. Marine geologists are already using the gravity map to guide their sonar surveys toward interesting-looking features of the seafloor.

The problem with survey ships, though, is that they are slow, while the ocean is big. Only a few percent of the seafloor has been mapped in this way--by civilian ships anyway. Naval ships are another story. At the U.S. Naval Oceanographic Office in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, there is a huge cache of sonar data. Collected by a fleet of 8 to 12 Navy survey ships over the last four decades, it is the reason the Navy had no need to do what Sandwell and Smith have done with the Geosat data. We have a very large quantity of sonar data for a substantial portion of the world ocean, says Edward Whitman, technical director in the office of the Oceanographer of the Navy. The Navy never intended to use Geosat as a mapping tool. It provides useful information, but the resolution of it was not good enough for tactical mapping.

The Navy never intended to release the Geosat data either. It was prodded to do so by Vice President Al Gore and by a committee of experts set up by Gore to review the potential scientific utility of Navy data. That same committee has also urged it to release at least some of its sonar data. The Navy is now considering the request. On the one hand, its submariners are understandably reluctant to give away valuable information to a future adversary, whomever that may be. On the other hand, the Navy itself now sees its future in shallow coastal waters, fighting Persian Gulf-style wars. Its survey ships are now working in places like the gulf and the Mediterranean. Given the way the world has changed, perhaps the Navy will see its way clear to turning over the deep seafloor to the rest of us.

        1. Tom Simkin, Robert I. Tilling, Peter R. Vogt, Stephen H. Kirby, Paul Kimberly, David B. Stewart, "This Dynamic Planet: World Map of Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Impact Craters, and Plate Tectonics," U.S. Geological Survey. 2006.

This Dynamic Planet: World Map of Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Impact Craters, and Plate Tectonics

  1. Similarities
    1. Spiritual Regeneration
The allegorical expression of the Hindu mystics when speaking of the “ eye of Siva,” the Tri-bochana (“ three-eyed ”), thus receives its justification and raison d’être — the transference of the pineal gland (once that “ third eye ”) to the forehead, being an exoteric licence. This throws also a light on the mystery — incomprehensible to some — of the connection between abnormal, or Spiritual Seership, and the physiological purity of the Seer. The question is often asked, “ Why should celibacy and chastity be a sine quâ non rule and condition of regular chelaship, or the development of psychic and occult powers ? The answer is contained in the Commentary. When we learn that the “ third eye ” was once a physiological organ, and that later on, owing to the gradual disappearance of spirituality and increase of materiality (Spiritual nature being extinguished by the physical), it became an atrophied organ, as little understood now by physiologists as the spleen is — when we learn this, the connection will become clear. During human life the greatest impediment in the way of spiritual development, and especially to the acquirement of Yoga powers, is the activity of our physiological senses. Sexual action being closely connected, by interaction, with the spinal cord and the grey matter of the brain, it is useless to give any longer explanation. Of course, the normal and abnormal state of the brain, and the degree of active work in the medulla oblongata, reacts powerfully on the pineal gland, for, owing to the number of “ centres ” in that region, which controls by far the greater majority of the physiological actions of the animal economy, and also owing to the close and intimate neighbourhood of the two, there must be exerted a very powerful “ inductive ” action by the medulla on the pineal gland.3

    1. Miscellaneous
      1. Three eyed hermaphrodites

8. (Q) Please give a few details regarding the physiognomy, habits, customs and costumes of the people of Atlantis during the period just before this first destruction.
(A) These, as we find, will require their being separated in the gradual development of the body and its physiognomy as it came into being in the various portions of that land, as well as to those that would separate themselves from those peoples where there were the indwelling of peoples, or man - as man, in the various areas of the land, or what we call world.

In the matter of form, as we find, first there were those as projections from that about the animal kingdom; for the THOUGHT bodies gradually took form, and the various COMBINATIONS (as may be called) of the various forces that called or classified themselves as gods, or rulers over - whether herds, or fowls, or fishes, etc. - in PART that kingdom and part of that as gradually evolved into a physiognomy much in the form of the present day may (were one chosen of those that were, or are, the nearest representative of the race of peoples that existed in this first period as the first destructions came about). These took on MANY sizes as to stature, from that as may be called the midget to the giants - for there were giants in the earth in those days, men as tall as (what would be termed today) ten to twelve feet in stature, and in proportion - well proportioned throughout. The ones that became the most USEFUL were those as would be classified (or called in the present) as the IDEAL stature, that was of both male and female (as those separations had been begun); and the most ideal (as would be called) was Adam, who was in that period when he (Adam) appeared as five in one - See?

In this the physiognomy was that of a full head, with an extra EYE - as it were - in those portions that became what is known as the EYE. In the beginning these appeared in WHATEVER portion was desired by the body for its use!

As for the dress, those in the beginning were (and the Lord made for them coats) of the skins of the animals. These covered the parts of their person that had become, then, as those portions of their physiognomy that had brought much of the desires that made for destructive forces in their own experience; and these then were of those ABOUT them that were given as meat, or used as same - that partook of the herbs. These were those same herbs that the seed were to have been for food for the man in self, and only those that partook of same may be called even CLEAN - in the present day. Those that supply those same materials that are the proper building for the forces within the anatomical forces, or physiological forces, of a developing body; for these carry all the elements in their natural state. Little of minerals should ever be the properties within the system, save as may be taken through the vegetable forces, save where individuals have so laxed themselves as to require or need that which will make for an even balance of same. (364-11)


59. Before that the entity was in the Atlantean land, when there were those periods of activity in which there was the changing of individuals from the double sex, or the ability of the progeneration of activities from self. (2390-1)

To the Occultists who believe that spiritual and psychic involution proceeds on parallel lines with physical evolution ; that the inner senses — innate in the first human races — atrophied during racial growth and the material development of the outer senses ; to the student of Esoteric symbology, finally, this statement is no conjecture or possibility, but simply a phase of the law of growth, a proven fact, in short. They understand the meaning of this passage in the Commentaries which says : —
There were four-armed human creatures in those early days of the male-females (hermaphrodites) ; with one head, yet three eyes. They could see before them and behind them.* A Kalpa later (after the separation of the sexes) men having fallen into matter, their spiritual vision became dim ; and coördinately the third eye commenced to lose its power. . . . When the Fourth (Race) arrived at its middle age, the inner vision had to be awakened, and acquired by artificial stimuli, the process of which was known to the old sages. . . . The third eye, likewise, getting gradually petrified, soon disappeared. The doublefaced became the one-faced, and the eye was drawn deep into the head and is now buried under the hair. During the activity of the inner man (during trances and spiritual visions) the eye swells and expands. The Arhat sees and feels it, and regulates his action accordingly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . The undefiled Lanoo (disciple, chela) need fear no danger ; he who keeps himself not in purity (who is not chaste) will receive no help from the ‘ deva eye.’ ”
Unfortunately not. The “ deva-eye ” exists no more for the majority of mankind. The third eye is dead, and acts no longer ; but it has left behind a witness to its existence. This witness is now the pineal gland. As for the “ four-armed ” men, it is they who become the prototypes of the four-armed Hindu gods, as shown in a preceding footnote.4


  1. H. P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis Of Science, Religion, And Philosophy. Vol. I Cosmogenesis (London: The Theosophical Publishing Company, Limited., 1888), 155-156.
* She is the satellite, undeniably, but this does not invalidate the theory that she has given to the Earth all but her corpse. For Darwin’s theory to hold good, besides the hypothesis just upset (vide last footnote), other still more incongruous speculations had to be invented. The Moon, it is said, has cooled nearly six times as rapidly as the Earth (Winchell’s “ World-Life ”) : “ The Moon, if the earth is 14,000,000 years old since its incrustation, is only eleven and two thirds millions of years old since that stage . . .” etc. And if our Moon is but a splash from our Earth, why can no similar inference be established for the Moons of other planets ? The Astronomers “ do not know.” Why should Venus and Mercury have no satellites, and by what, when they exist, were they formed ? Because, we say, science has only one key — the key of matter — to open the mysteries of nature withal, while occult philosophy has seven keys and explains that which science fails to see. Mercury and Venus have no satellites but they had “ parents ” just as the earth had. Both are far older than the Earth and, before the latter reaches her seventh Round, her mother Moon will have dissolved into thin air, as the “ Moons ” of the other planets have, or have not, as the case may be, since there are planets which have several moons — a mystery again which no Œdipus of astronomy has solved.

  1. H. P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis Of Science, Religion, And Philosophy. Vol. II Anthropogenesis (London: The Theosophical Publishing Company, Limited., 1888), 294.
* Viz., the third eye was at the back of the head. The statement that the latest hermaphrodite humanity was “ four-armed,” unriddles probably the mystery of all the representations and idols of the exoteric gods of India. On the Acropolis of Argos, there was a ξόανον, a rudely carved wooden statue (attributed to Dædalus), representing a three-eyed colossus, which was consecrated to Zeus Triopas (three-eyed). The head of the “ god ” has two eyes in its face and one above on the top of the forehead. It is considered the most archaic of all the ancient statues ( Schol. Vatic. ad Eurip. Troad. 14 ).
† The Inner sight could henceforth be acquired only through training and initiation, save in the cases of “ natural and born magicians,” sensitives and mediums, as they are called now.
‡ This expression “ petrified ” instead of “ ossified ” is curious. The “ back eye,” which is of course the pineal gland, now so-called, the small pea-like mass of grey nervous matter attached to the back of the third ventricle of the brain, is said to almost invariably contain mineral concretions and sand, and “ nothing more.” (Vide Infra.)


  1. H. P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis Of Science, Religion, And Philosophy. Vol. I. Cosmogenesis. (London: The Theosophical Publishing Company, Limited., 1888), 155-156.

  1. H. P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis Of Science, Religion, And Philosophy. Vol. II. Anthropogenesis. (London: The Theosophical Publishing Company, Limited., 1888), 333.

  1. Ibid., 295-296.

  1. Ibid., 294-295.

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